Infertility in women can have a variety of causes and it is estimated that 10% of couples are unable to conceive babies due to fertility issues in women. A woman is considered infertile if she is trying to get pregnant for over a year, without any success. In women over 35 years old, the term is reduced to six months because age is an important factor in diminishing fertility.
Over 30% of the infertility cases in women are caused by ovulation problems and disorders. Luckily, most of them can be easily treated with medication, once they have been diagnosed. Ovarian disorders can be of many types. The problem in some cases is that the women does not ovulate at all or does not produce mature eggs. There are also cases in which the women suffer of dysfunctional ovaries. Hormonal problems are sometimes the culprits of defective ovulation. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are responsible with releasing mature and viable eggs. If they don’t function properly, ovulation is not happening as it should and fecundation is extremely difficult, if not impossible. Doctors usually turn to ovulation tests that will tell them if everything is good with the eggs or if there are problems. Past trauma or injury of the ovaries as well as the onset of premature menopause can also cause dysfunctional ovulation.
In case infertility in women is not cause by anything mentioned above, it might also be a problem with the fallopian tubes. Congenital defects, previous surgical procedures in the abdominal area and infection are among the most frequent factors that affect the health of the fallopian tubes. Ectopic pregnancies might also block the fallopian tubes and prevent the egg from reaching the uterus. The solution to such problems is almost always of surgical nature. It is the only way to unblock the tubes and the success rate is not very high. Endometriosis is the cause of infertility in around 10% of women.
There are risk factors that need to be considered when talking about infertility in women. Smoking and drinking alcohol is one of them, as well as poor diet, use of drugs, prescribed pills. Other possible causes of infertility in women include abnormalities of the uterus, fibroids, and abnormalities of the cervical mucus or exposure to certain chemicals.
Treatment for infertility in women has evolved a lot lately. Women have a variety of options and solutions. For some of them medication might work, but others might require surgery or other medical procedures. Medications are basically hormonal pills and other medical procedures refer to ovarian stimulation, in vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination. A doctor can decide the best approach, depending on individual factors.